Takeaway packaging pollution continues to be serious, biodegradable market potential

- Jun 25, 2019-

In recent years, China's food and beverage takeaway industry has developed rapidly.It is understood that the size of the Internet catering market in 2018 has reached 112.5% year-on-year growth.But most takeout packages today are made of plastic, and the rapidly expanding takeout market has put considerable pressure on the environment.In order to reduce environmental pollution, biodegradable packaging is becoming a new trend in the takeaway packaging industry. Paper food boxes are one of them.

The takeaway industry in China developed earlier, and the packaging of takeaway has undergone great changes.In general, China's takeaway packaging has gone through three stages: foaming food box -- pp plastic tableware -- degradable paper food box.

1. Foam food box.Take-out is developed from food packaging. The appearance of foamed food box changes the situation of food packaging in plastic bags.After the development of take-out, the foamed food box has naturally become the first choice of many take-out merchants. Convenient and beautiful advantages make the foamed food box gradually occupy the food take-out market.By the end of the 1990s, 5 billion styrofoam boxes had been produced and exported to countries like the United States, Europe and South Africa, according to the China plastics processing industry association.

2. Pp plastic tableware.With the advent of the take-out era, the requirements of take-out packaging have become increasingly high. Pp plastic tableware has quickly become a new favorite of take-out packaging due to its high temperature resistance and strong characteristics.But whether it is a foamed food box or pp plastic tableware, they cannot escape the essence of "plastic".

3. Degradable paper meal boxes.With the increasing awareness of environmental protection, biodegradable paper food boxes are entering the takeaway packaging market.From the perspective of environmental protection, paper meal boxes are easy to degrade and have little environmental pollution.From the perspective of safety ingredients, paper food boxes are non-toxic and harmless;In terms of packaging texture, paper food boxes make takeout appear more high-end and high-quality.

Despite the development of take-out packaging and the increasing awareness of environmental protection, the market penetration rate of degradable paper meal boxes in the current take-out market is very low.Recently, a media survey was conducted on 100 consumers of different ages regarding takeaway packaging.The results showed that 66 percent of the respondents received clear disposable plastic food boxes in take-out.Twenty-one percent of respondents received foam meal boxes;Other packaging accounted for 12 percent, while biodegradable paper meal box packaging accounted for only 1 percent.

It is not hard to find that most of the takeaway packages used by Chinese takeaway vendors are still made of refractory plastic products.However, with the continuous improvement of consumers' pursuit of environmental protection and takeaway quality, degradable paper meal boxes will become a new trend of takeaway packaging, with huge market development potential.

In addition to market demand, some initiatives by delivery platforms are also driving the development of the market for degradable paper meal boxes.At the end of last year, ele. me launched the "peace of mind plan" for takeaway packaging materials, and conducted the review and screening of disposable food boxes together with disposable food box manufacturers, catering enterprises and China packaging federation, and successively released three batches of "peace of mind list" for takeaway packaging, including paper food box manufacturers.The "peace of mind directory" project starts from many aspects, such as reduction, reuse, recycling, etc., to solve the pollution problem of take-out packaging and improve the market utilization rate of paper food boxes.

In 2017, Meituan united China environmental protection foundation established the green mountain plan special fund, which aims to solve environmental problems of takeaway packaging.The special fund has carried out a series of effective work focusing on public environmental awareness and plastic reduction of takeaway packaging, which is also conducive to increasing the utilization rate of degradable paper meal boxes.

The takeaway industry is becoming a fast growing sector of China's food industry, but the rapid development of the takeaway industry has brought many problems, and the environmental protection of takeaway packaging has become a hot topic at present.On the whole, China's takeaway market is less environmentally friendly, and there is a huge space for the development of takeaway packaging such as degradable paper meal boxes.It is believed that with the efforts of various parties, the takeaway packaging industry will gradually transform to environmental protection and green, and the future of takeaway packaging will become more and more optimistic.