Dunhuang 285 grottoes Murals have two people sitting on the image of the chair, 257 grotto murals are sitting stool and legs on the bench women, Longmen Lotus Cave stone carving in a woman seated round stool. These images vividly reproduce the use of chairs and stools in official career aristocratic families in the northern and Southern dynasties. Although at that time NES already had the shape of chair, stool, but because of its time no chair, stool appellation, people also used to call "Hu bed", in the temple, often used for meditation, it is also called Zen bed. After the Tang Dynasty, the use of chairs gradually increased, the name of the chair is also widely used, only from the category of the bed separated out.
Therefore, on the origin of the chair and stool, it must be discussed from the Hu-bed in Han and Wei dynasties. Before the Tang Dynasty, "chair" word also has an explanation, as "car side" talk, that is, the car fence. The role is that people rely on the car. Later chairs, in the form of a four-legged platform to install the fence, which is inspired by the side of the fence, and the use of its name called the NES "chair."
From the extant data, the Tang Dynasty already had quite exquisite chair. Five Dynasties to the Song Dynasty, the high type NES unprecedented popularization, the chair form also to rise, appears the backrest chair, the armchair, chair and so on.
At the same time, according to the difference between the pecking order, the shape, material and function of the chair are different.
The furniture of the Five Dynasties to two song dynasties basically retained the legacy of the Tang Dynasty, but the high-grade furniture was more popular than before. The chair is known for its antiquity and simplicity, though for many centuries it is an ordinary state of use. The chair is present, because at least in the early dynasty period. They are covered with cloth or leather, woodcarving, are far below the 21st century chair, chair seat sometimes tall only 25 centimeters. The chairs in ancient Egypt seemed to have been immensely rich and splendid. Vintage ebony and ivory carved and gilded wood, they were covered with expensive materials, ornate patterns and legs of beasts or captive figures after the support was expressed. In general, the higher the rank of the individual, the higher, the more ornate he sits on the chair, the greater the honor. The pharaoh sits on the throne in the important occasion of the country, often far away from a little foot stool in front of it.