Zheng mingyue, a deputy to the National People's Congress (NPC), presented the proposal on more efforts to promote the use of biodegradable materials to replace plastics at this year's two sessions.He said: "first of all, regulations to restrict the use of plastics should be made in areas such as disposable plastic packaging, food packaging, shopping bags and agricultural film, and more efforts should be made to encourage and promote the use of biodegradable materials."He suggested national legislation to encourage consumers and practitioners to use "green" biodegradable materials.
It is known that the three domestic delivery platform for at least a year to use 7.3 billion plastic packaging, add up to much more than savings to plastic shopping bags a year, plus the national express the consumption of plastic bags, according to estimates by 2050 global produced 12 billion tons of plastic waste, in addition, according to the UN report used 5 trillion plastic bags a year, but less than one over ten of all the plastic will be recycled.This shows, "white pollution" control already extremely urgent.
Zheng yueming also said that "white pollution" has become a serious environmental problem faced by all countries in the world, including China. It is of great significance to seek new and environmentally friendly alternative materials to solve the problem of plastic waste pollution.
The world is at war on plastic pollution
In Europe, America, Japan and other developed countries and successively formulated and issued the relevant laws and regulations, through the local disabled, restricted and forced collection and charge pollution tax measures to limit the use of non-biodegradable plastic, such as developing new biodegradable materials, in order to protect the environment, protect the soil, one of France's 2005 i.e. policy requires all can carry the disposable plastic bags must be biodegradable in 2010 years.
According to an earlier eu "plastic limit" bill, the use of single-use plastic bags in eu member states will be reduced by 80% by 2019 compared with 2010.The bill requires member states to do this by imposing taxes or outright bans on plastic bags.
On June 1, 2008, China also issued a ban on the production, sale and use of plastic shopping bags with thickness less than 0.025mm nationwide.
To this year, the "plastic limit order" has been issued for more than 10 years, through the investigation found that in shopping malls, supermarkets in accordance with the strict implementation of the provisions, but in the vegetable market, unqualified plastic bags are still banned more than.
The emergence of biodegradable plastics, packaging materials have a new choice, because the ideal biodegradable plastics is a kind of high molecular material with excellent performance, can be completely decomposed by environmental microorganisms after waste, * eventually inorganic and become a part of the carbon cycle in nature.However, in general, bio-plastics have an environmental cost. Fertile soil and fresh water are needed to grow biological substrates. However, many countries do not have such resources.
In view of this situation, perhaps this year's two sessions will bring us a different surprise in the legislation and policy!